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Christian, double-register Sarcophagus

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Christian, double-register Sarcophagus

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Resurrection of Lazarus and supplication of Lazaruss sister (John 11:43).

Prediction of Peters denial Matthew 26:57, Mark 14:53, Luke 22:54, John 18:13).

Healing a blind boy/man (Mark 8:22, Bethsaida, Matthew 9:27, Matthew 20:29  Bartimaeus of Jericho, Mark 10:46  Bartimaeus, Luke 18:53  Bartimaeus, references to the blind leading the blind in Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Thomas and other noncanonical gospels).

Moses receiving the Law from Gods right hand (Exodus 31:18).

Shell with portraits of the deceased man and woman.

Sacrifice of Isaac (Genesis 22:1).

Resurrection of the son of the widow of Nain (Luke 7:11, possible reference to Old Testament resurrections, e.g. the Shunammite's son [2Kings 4:36] and Ezekiel with the dry bones [Ezekiel 37:14]).

Unknown scene (arrest of Jesus or variation of tradition legis?)

Bottom row:

Peter strikes a rock with his wand, yielding water to baptize his jailers (apocryphal, e.g. Acts of Saints Processus and Martinianus).

Arrest of Peter (apocryphal, e.g. Acts of Processus and Martinianus).

Miracle at Cana - water into wine (John 2:6).

Healing the woman with an issue of blood (Matthew 9:19, Mark 5:25, Luke 8:43).

Daniel in the den of lions (Bel and the Dragon, Chapter 30).

Multiplication of loaves (The 5000: Mark 6:30, Matthew 14:15, Luke 9:13; the 4000: Mark 8:1, Matthew 15:32, possible reference to Old Testament multiplication-of-loaves stories, e.g. 2Kings 4:42).

Healing the paralytic (Mark 2:1, Matthew 9:1, Luke 5:17).

Vatican Inv. 31532

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Copyright 2007 by William Storage and Laura Maish

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Keywords: iconography, archaeology, imperial portraiture, emperor, ancient Rome